Leitz Petrographic Microscope, No. 213

Age:  1909
Made by: Ernst Leitz
Made in: Wetzlar, Germany
E. Leitz Wetzlar
No. 120468

This is a Petrographic microscope made in 1909 by E. Leitz Wetzlar. It consists of a microscope body supported by a brass limb. The limb floats on a triangular pillar for fine focus via the top screw. Coarse focus is by rack & pinion. The microscope is supported by a heavy brass base painted with black lacquer. The support is hinged just below the insertion of the rotating stage to allow the instrument to be tilted. The polarizing condenser is centered by a locating pin. It has a leaf iris for contrast control. Inside the condenser is the single Nicol prism polarizer. Sample illumination is provided by the substage mirror. The microscope body consists of two tubes: the draw tube and body tube. The top, draw tube is calibrated for 170-190mm optical tube length objectives. The body tube has several slots and cutouts to allow placement of PLM-specific components: an Amici-Bertrand lens (for observation of interference fringes), a Tube Analyzer (upper Nicol), and a compensator slider. All of these optical devices are missing in this instrument. The objective is held in place by a spring-loaded quick release mechanism: the objective clutch. The objective mount has two screws to center the objective. The eyepiece is a Huygenian type, but with a focusing mechanism for a crosshair or reticle. The microscope is approximately 35cm tall.

Imaging is good considering the low magnification of the single lens. The existing Nicol prism in the condenser is in very good condition. Images were taken using an external analyzer to reveal the birefringent sample.

The serial number 120468 places this instrument's manufacture date in 1909. Here is a concise history of Leitz.

Featured 12/2008; 06/2023

Fri, Jun 2, 2023